Obstetrics and Gynecology
What is Obstetrics and Gynecology?
Obstetrics and Gynecology are medical fields that deal with the health of the female reproductive and urinary systems. While all OB/GYNs have some level of training in both obstetrics and gynecology, there are those who prefer to focus on one discipline while others practice both.
What is Obstetrics?
Obstetrics definition: Obstetrics is the field of medicine and surgery dedicated to taking care of women from pre-pregnancy through labor and delivery and the postpartum period immediately following childbirth.
What is an Obstetrician?
Obstetrician definition: An obstetrician is a medical doctor who specializes in the care of pregnant women, unborn babies, labor and delivery and postnatal care.
How to Choose an Obstetrician to Deliver Your Baby
Choosing the best hospital to have your baby in North Texas and choosing an obstetrician are two very important steps to take after conception. Here are some things you might want to consider:
- Look for a hospital that is ready to meet your needs, whatever those might be
- This might include choosing one with a Level III or Level IV NICU, which can provide the highest levels of neonatal care should your baby need it
- Look for an obstetrician who delivers at the hospital that you have chosen and in whom you can trust to take care of you in every situation
- Consider meeting with the other partners in your OB/GYN’s office so that you know you’re in good hands if your doctor is away when you deliver
- An ultrasound to confirm that it matches your due date from your last period (add 40 weeks to the first day of your last menstrual period to calculate your due date)
- A conversation about things such as:
- What to eat
- Vitamins and prenatal supplements
- Symptoms such as nausea and different tips and tricks to avoid it
- Any other questions parents-to-be have
- A business conversation with the office regarding paperwork, insurance and billing
Developing a relationship of trust with your OB/GYN can alleviate a lot of the potential anxiety that can go along with the childbirth experience.
What to Expect at Your First Prenatal Visit with an Obstetrician
Your first prenatal visit might be the longest doctor appointment you’ve ever had. Here’s what you might expect at your first prenatal appointment.
Some obstetricians further specialize, such as a Maternal-Fetal Medicine (MFM) doctor who focuses on high-risk pregnancies and women with chronic health problems or pregnancy-related issues.
Another subspecialty of Obstetrics and Gynecology is Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility. A reproductive endocrinologist is known more commonly as a fertility specialist and can work with couples who may have difficulty getting pregnant.
What is a Gynecologist?
Gynecologist definition: A gynecologist is a medical doctor who cares for all non-pregnancy-related issues of the female reproductive system, starting in puberty and going through menopause and beyond. Reasons to see a gynecologist include annual pap smears and pelvic exams, contraception, infertility issues and infections, pain or discomfort in the uterus, genitals and breasts.
Some gynecologists further specialize, such as a Gynecologic Oncologist who focuses on cancers that affect women’s reproductive organs.
Another subspecialty of Obstetrics and Gynecology is Urogynecology. This type of doctor is an urogynecologist and treats women with pelvic floor disorders such as urinary or fecal incontinence or vaginal prolapse, uterine prolapse or bladder prolapse.